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آبیاری هوشمند

Intelligent irrigation and farming

Intelligent irrigation system is one of the methods that can help prevent water loss either on small scales such as home garden or large scales such as football field and agriculture.

What is intelligent irrigation system?

Intelligent irrigation is a system that schedules the irrigation of the land according to its requirements and automatically irrigates the land at different times. In spite of the old irrigation controllers that operate according to predetermined schedules and timers, Intelligent irrigation controllers measure the climate, soil conditions, evaporation and water requirements of the plant and automatically adjust the irrigation schedule for the current conditions of the site; for instance: When the temperature rises or the rainfall decreases, intelligent irrigation controllers take into account the factors specific to that place, such as the type of soil, and adjust the number of times and duration of irrigation. You can control, irrigate and fertilize the land and space with your smartphone as you sit at home.

Types of smart irrigation controllers:

In fact, there are two types of intelligent irrigation system controllers:

  • Climate-based controllers (ET)
  • and soil moisture sensors

The best option depends on your geographic area and its characteristics.

Intelligent irrigation system with soil moisture sensor

Intelligent irrigation controllers based on soil moisture sensor use good technologies to measure soil moisture content. The sensors accurately measure soil moisture and then pass this information on to the controllers, when buried in the root area of grasses, trees or shrubs.

The humidity sensor itself is classified in two ways:

  • Suspended Cycle Irrigation System
    In this method, the controllers are adjusted the same as the traditional method, which has the start and end time for irrigation. The difference between this system is that if there is enough moisture in the soil, it stops the next planned irrigation.
  • Irrigation system according to requirements
    In this method, a low and high threshold are defined for the controllers, irrigation begins when the sufficient moisture in the soil is lower than the minimum required level.
شیر برقی و آبیاری هوشمند
  • Climate-based intelligent irrigation system
    Climate-based controllers, also known as evapotranspiration controllers (ET), use local meteorological data to regulate irrigation schedules. Evapotranspiration is a combination of evaporation from the soil surface and transpiration of plants. is a combination of evaporation from the soil surface and transpiration of plants. These controllers collect weather information and adjust the irrigation time of the plants to get enough water to the surface.

Meteorological data (ET) use four weather parameters: temperature, wind, sunlight and humidity. This is the most accurate way to calculate the amount of agricultural land needs for water. Generally, we have three types of climate-based controllers (ET):

  • Signal-based controllers
    In this method, meteorological data of a public resource is used to calculate (ET) evaporation and perspiration of surfaces. Then the data (ET) is sent to the controllers via wireless connection.
  • Controllers (ET) based on historical information
    They use a predetermined and planned curve based on historical information on water in the earth’s regions. This curve can be adjusted based on the temperature and intensity of the sun’s radiation.
  • Weather measurement controller on site
    It uses the weather data collected on the site to continuously measure (ET) and adjust the irrigation schedule.

Common questions about intelligent agriculture:

  • What are the benefits of smart farming?
    Using an intelligent agricultural system will help to accurately cultivate, and it can almost be claimed that the system will do more than half of a farmer’s daily work. One of the very good capabilities of the smart system is that it provides the farmer with remote control.
  • What does the smart water sensor work for?
    As you know, the pH of water has a direct impact on the health of plants. One of the uses of these sensors is this.
  • Some examples of agricultural smart tools and devices
    For example, a device such as milking machines, remote tractors, etc. They are among the things that greatly improved agriculture.

Arad Sanat Projects

making smart several garden houses in the villages around Yazd

making smart of gardens and green spaces in Yazd province

making smart more than 400 hectares of agricultural land in Qazvin province